Roses: A large family
These days, garden roses come in an extensive variety of forms and colors, including pure blue and black. The blossoms can be single or clustered into different formations. According to their intended use, a suitable rose can be found for your garden. Growers distinguish between tea roses (tea hybrids), bedding roses (polyantha roses), ground-covering roses, and climbing or rambling roses. Today there are more than 30,000 known rose varieties … and, every year, new are added. Growers endeavor to develop new colors, fragrances, and forms, but there are also ongoing attempts to improve flower health and resistance to typical diseases such as mildew.
Rose types and varieties
Tea roses are the classics in every rose garden. They have very large, delicately formed blooms on a single stem and are best used as cut flowers. Most varieties bloom several times a year and are excellently suited for a single planting as a focal point, such as in an exposed area by the main entry or a patio. Bedding roses, by contrast, are ideal for group plantings. Many varieties bloom all summer long. Ground-covering roses are low growing and have a thick, sprawling growth – weeds hardly stand a chance against them. They’re also quick to bloom, relatively easy care, and are best suited to growing under small trees. Climbing rose varieties can grow up to 30 feet high and bloom either once or multiple times.
Buy and plant for quality
Right now, in the fall, you’ll find a large selection in garden centers. They will be offered for a reasonable price as bare-root plants, meaning without a pot or rootball. Once taken from the field, these plants are immediately put into a refrigeration unit or loosely buried, giving them the best conditions for future growth. Plant them in the garden as soon as possible after purchase. The essential thing is to plant them deeply enough. The grafting point, recognizable by a thickening at the transition between root and branches, should be placed under the earth for the best development of the rose.
Thorough and repeated watering will ensure good soil contact. Then, the plant will send out fine fiber roots throughout the winter and will sprout vigorously in spring. The same holds true for roses bought in pots. The grafting point on these roses is located just above the root ball and should lie an inch or so beneath the soil surface. If the rose is well planted in the fall, you can expect good bloom in the first year.
Rose enthusiasts known that a rose, with proper care, will bloom more richly and beautifully as it ages.
It’s recommended that you ask for robust and disease-resistant varieties when buying.